Webster

The Constitution was made to guard the people against the dangers of good intentions." --American Statesman Daniel Webster (1782-1852)


Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Monday Music "A matter of Trust" by Billy Joel

 I started my new schedule at work and it was long and I had stuff going on in "MeatSpace" and was unable to load the scheduler thingie like I wanted, My apologies to all.

    
I have started "dayshift 12 hour crew" and being on days after being on nightshift for many years is a change for me...I kept expecting my skin to catch on fire or something.
Kinda like that......
Well anyway I had decided to roll with this song, even though I had featured "Billy Joel Last week, I remembered this song and I really liked it and it showed his family in the video and I thought that was a nice tough.   Also Billy with a Guitar was unusual.


     Matter of Trust" is a song by Billy Joel released as the second single from his album The Bridge.
The song was the second top 10 single from the album, after the previous single "Modern Woman." The song's music video, directed by Russell Mulcahy and produced and conceived by Paul Flattery, features Joel and his band performing in the basement of a building on St. Mark's Place in New York City's East Village and also features shots of various people in the city who eventually gather round the building's windows to see Joel perform. Most appear to be enjoying the concert except one woman on a fire escape who yells at them to "Shut Up!", however she is ignored and even members of the NYPD don't mind. His then-wife Christie Brinkley appears in the video holding their baby daughter, Alexa. The song differs from most Joel songs in that it is based on electric guitar rather than piano, which gives it a hard rock edge compared to his usual soft rock balladry. It is the only Billy Joel music video that features him on guitar - a factor he cited for saying it was his favorite of all his videos. The song gained major traction in the Soviet Union as part of a state-sponsored television promotion of Joel's songs in preparation for his 1987 USSR concerts, recorded on Kontsert.




Saturday, April 21, 2018

Conflicts that demonstrated the Value of Ground Attack Aircraft.

I was a GI in the U.S Army in the 1980's, we had rolled out AirLand Battle in the late 1970's to counter the huge numbers of Soviet Tanks that were threatening to roll down the Fulda Gap.  Airland battle was designed to use American air power especially the A-10 and the Apache helicopters to strike the 2nd and 3rd echelons of Soviet forces and disrupt them and prevent them from supporting the first echelon that was attacking the NATO forces and prevent them from getting overrun by superior numbers.

For a century, ground attacks by armed aircraft have added an extra dimension of devastation to the battlefield. In some wars, ground attack aircraft have been less than effective. In Vietnam in particular, the Americans were unable to turn aerial bombardments into a strategic advantage. But some wars have shown beyond a shadow of a doubt what aerial attacks can do.
Italo-Turkish War (1911-1912)
The first ever attack on ground troops by an airplane took place on 1 November 1911, during a war between Italy and the Ottoman Empire. Giulio Gavotti, an Italian lieutenant, flew an Etrich Taube monoplane above Ottoman forces in Libya, taking with him a bag of grenades. With these he attacked two targets – the oasis at Tagiura, and the Ottoman military camp at Ain Zara.
Gavotti’s flight was a challenging one – he had to screw the detonators into the grenades and drop them by hand while still piloting the plane. It was also ineffective – no-one was injured by his attacks.

Yet Gavotti had proven that aircraft could reach behind lines to attack enemy troops unawares. His innovation startled the Ottoman troops, leading to a political protest, and set an example that others would follow with far more destructive effect.

RumplerTaubeInFlight
Etrich Taube monoplane.

First World War (1914-1918)
The First World War saw the first real developments in aerial warfare, led by innovators such as Oswald Boelcke. Planes started out as reconnaissance craft, and this shaped aerial combat for most of the war, with an emphasis on fighting between pilots.
By the late stages of the war, the potential for aircraft to attack the ground was appreciated. Increasing specialization in design led to aircraft such as the German Junkers J-1. Equipped with extra armor, the J-1 was able to safely descend for low-level attacks on infantry, the pilot protected from their bullets by his plane’s armored belly. J-1s supported the great German offensives of spring 1918, offensives which almost turned the tide of war.

Junkers J 1 all metal "technology demonstrator" pioneer aircraft, at FEA 1, Döberitz, Germany in late 1915, undergoing flight preparations (Wikipedia)
Junkers J 1 all metal “technology demonstrator” pioneer aircraft, at FEA 1, Döberitz, Germany in late 1915, undergoing flight preparations.
The J-1 showed that ground attack aircraft could be as devastating to morale as to the bodies of the men they attacked. Norman Gladden described seeing the approach of a German attack plane in 1917: “Never before, despite my capacity for fear, had I felt myself so long in the grip of a terror so absolute.”
Spanish Civil War (1936-1939)

He-111E of the Condor Legion, 1939 (Bundesarchiv)
He-111E of the Condor Legion, 1939. By Bundesarchiv – CC BY-SA 3.0 de
In the lead up to the Second World War, Germany and Italy threw their backing behind right-wing Nationalists forces in the Spanish Civil War. This was partly an opportunity to fight their enemies by proxy, as America would later do in Vietnam. For the Germans, in particular, it was also an opportunity to test new equipment.
German air support, including the mixed ground and air troops of the Condor Legion, proved useful for the Nationalists in battles such as the Battle of Toledo. Technological and industrial superiority allowed them to rain down death upon improvised Republican forces. They bombarded strategic civilian targets, as in the infamous bombing of Guernica, but the war also created an appreciation of the tactical use of air attacks against troops. Ground attack aircraft were refined and combined with forward observers to create the flying artillery that would prove vital in 1939.
Second World War (1939-1945)


Ju 87 G-1 "Kanonenvogel" with its twin Bordkanone BK 3,7, 37 mm underwing gun pods. (Bundesarchiv)
Ju 87 G-1 “Kanonenvogel” with its twin Bordkanone BK 3,7, 37 mm underwing gun pods. By Bundesarchiv – CC BY-SA 3.0 de
Unsophisticated, ungainly and yet utterly terrifying, the Junkers 87 Stuka was the leading air element in the German Blitzkrieg. Its noise and ferocity shattered enemy morale and savaged Polish ground forces during the invasion of 1939.
Air superiority also brought the Germans their initial victories in the west. On 13 May 1940, in an unprecedented display of aerial power, nearly 1,500 German aircraft attacked fortified French forces defending the west back of the River Meuse. By the end of the day the Germans were across the river and the French heading into full retreat. Ground attack aircraft such as the Stuka and the Henschel Hs 123s supported the German forces as they raced across Frances, attacking Allied units before they could even reach the front.
It was only when they gained superiority in the air that the Allies were able to beat the Germans on the ground. Field-Marshal Rommel, one of the greatest German commanders of the war, was injured on 17 July 1944 by a strafing attack.
Six-Day War (1967)


An Israeli airstrike near the Augusta-Victoria Hospital (Wikipedia)
An Israeli airstrike near the Augusta-Victoria Hospital
The Six-Day War vastly increased Israel’s territory and ensured its reputation as a military power. This incredible victory over Egypt, Jordan and Syria was in large part down to air power.
By destroying enemy planes while they were on the ground, the Israelis swiftly ensured dominance in the air. Safe from aerial attack, their air force set to supporting the ground offensive. A training plane altered to make it suitable for ground attacks, the Potez Magister proved a particularly potent weapon. The Mitla Pass was left jammed full of the burnt wrecks of Egyptian fighting vehicles.
Arab nations would learn from the Six-Day War and prepare anti-aircraft measures. But the absolute devastation left by air power would remain an icon of Israeli strength.

Gulf War (1990-1991)  This was my war, I saw the devastation of the Iraqi armor and trucks after the A-10's and B52's got done with them, in many cases  the Iraqi's were at 50% strength due to losses by coalition air forces.


An A-10 Thunderbolt II, fires the 30 mm gun at a low angle strafe, as part of the 2006 Hawgsmoke competition, Thursday, March 23, 2006, at the Barry-Goldwater Range, Gila Bend Air Force Auxiliary Field. There are four parts of the competition. Each team has four members in which they have 100 bullets each to use toward the target. This year's competition coincides with the 30th anniversary of the Warthog. Twenty squadrons from around the world come together to gain the honor of the "best of the best" in ground attack and target destruction. (U.S. Air Force photo/Senior Airman Christina D. Ponte)
An A-10 Thunderbolt II, fires the 30 mm gun at a low angle strafe.
The Gulf War brought aerial bombardment onto TV screens. The world watched live as the American-led coalition leveled Iraqi defenses before a single boot set foot on Iraqi soil. By the time ground fighting started, the Iraqi forces have been severely weakened,

The center of this was Operation Desert Storm, a three-stage bombing campaign targeting Iraqi air defenses, command and communication facilities, and then military targets. With Iraq’s armed forces defanged, coalition aircraft were able to move into a support role. Armored columns were smashed on their way to the battle zone. Iraqi ground forces stood no chance against the vast aerial advantage of their enemies.  The Republican Guard forces fought long and well against the Americans, but their T-72s were outclassed by the American M1A1 tanks and Bradleys followed by the Apache's and A-10's that supported the American advance.  The tank battles rivaled Kursk in the number of armor used by both sides.

Friday, April 20, 2018

Some humor and flight safety videos

I will be heading out of town for a boy scout event, and I have something loaded on the scheduler thingie for Tomorrow.  I will be returning tomorrow night. 
    By now y'all have seen the pics from SWA 1380 with people and the oxygen mask.....

Here is a safety video from United...

Well we saw these pics from the SWA 1380 flight...First off total kudo's to the crew of Southwest for how they handled the emergency,  they are rockstars. 
     Again we saw the videos of the passengers on the flight and how they were wearing the mask..
Well apparently people don't pay attention to the safety video's. I saw this pic and immediately thought of this short video I had seen a while back....
yeah...that is what I thought.....

Thursday, April 19, 2018

The First Recorded Battle in History.



The first battle for which we have a clear historical record took place in the Levant in the 15th century BC. Though we know that war had existed for centuries beforehand, and some details of earlier battles are recorded in folklore and religious scripture, the details remain cloudy.
That changed with the Battle of Megiddo.
Dating Difficulties
Ancient Egyptian records, on which we rely for accounts of the Battle of Megiddo, place it in Year 23 of the reign of Pharaoh Thutmose III, on the 21st day of the first month of the third season. Exactly how this relates to our own dating system is uncertain, and historians have variously dated the battle to 1457, 1479 or 1482 BC. All we can say with certainty is that it took place in the first half of the 15th century BC.

War in the Levant
Thutmose III came to the throne at a time when Egypt controlled large swathes of the Levant – the lands of the eastern Mediterranean and the northern Middle East. Early in his reign, he found himself faced with a revolt in this region, based around modern Syria.
Leading the revolt was the King of Kadesh, a city whose strong fortress gave him a secure base. The Canaanites, Mitanni, and Amurru joined his rebel alliance, as did the King of Megiddo, another ruler with a strong fortress base.
Megiddo was strategically vital, controlling the main trade route between Egypt and Mesopotamia, now known as the Via Maris. The rebel forces gathered there.
Pharaoh on the March


Statue of Thutmose III in Luxor Museum
Statue of Thutmose III in Luxor Museum.
Like many ancient rulers, Thutmose III took personal command of his forces. He gathered an army of between ten and twenty thousand men, consisting of infantry and charioteers, at the border fortress of Tjaru.
This was the heyday of chariot warfare. Horses had not yet been bred strong enough to carry an armed rider, making chariots the only way to move quickly around the battlefield and deliver sudden shock attacks. The recently developed composite bow gave chariot riders a powerful weapon with which to attack infantry before galloping away. Iron weapons, which would eventually lead to the downfall of the chariot aristocracies, had not yet been developed.


At the heart of Pharaoh’s army were the deadliest weapons of their day.
Choosing the most direct but also most dangerous of three available routes, Thutmose took Aruna – the area now called Wadi Ara – with almost no resistance. The Kadeshi army had been sent far to the north and south to block his other routes of advance, and he could now march on Megiddo.
The King of Kadesh, surprised by the Egyptians’ appearance in the center of his defensive line, scrambled to gather his troops on the high ground outside the fortress of Megiddo. Pharaoh gave him little time to prepare.
Opportunity Seized

Model of Megiddo, 1457 BC. (By Alma E. Guinness - Alma E.."Reader's Digest: Mysteries of the Bible: The Enduring Question of the Scriptures".Pleasantville, New York/Montreal.The Reader's Digest Association, Inc.1988.ISBN: 0-89577-293-0, CC0 / Wikipedia)
Model of Megiddo, 1457 BC.
Having set up camp at the end of the day, Thutmose then advanced his forces under cover of night. While the Kadeshi concentrated their troops around the fortress, Pharaoh spread his out. Two wings menaced the enemy flanks, while the core of the army advanced in the center. In the morning, he attacked.


The two sides were evenly matched in numbers, with around 10,000 infantry and 1,000 chariots each. But having spread out his forces, Pharaoh was better able to make use of his numbers. While he led the attack in the center, his left wing made a fast, aggressive strike against the rebel flank.
The will of the rebel flank was quickly broken by the speed and skill of the Egyptian attack. The right wing crumbled, and the rest of the army swiftly followed, morale collapsing as warriors saw their comrades flee. Some ran into the city, closing the gates behind them to keep the Egyptians out.
The Egyptians now wasted the opportunity swift victory had given them. Like so many victors throughout history, they set about plundering the enemy camp, capturing 200 suits of armor and 924 chariots. But while they did this the scattered rebels found their way back into Megiddo, climbing up improvised ropes of clothing lowered by people inside the walls. Those who made it to safety included the kings of Megiddo and Kadesh.
Siege and Aftermath
The Battle of Megiddo was immediately followed by a siege. Pharaoh had his men dug a moat and built their own defensive wall around the city. After seven months of slow starvation, the city eventually surrendered. The King of Kadesh escaped, but the rest of those within the city were captured, and spared by a merciful Pharaoh.
As well as armor and chariots, the victors took home over 2,000 horses, 340 prisoners, nearly 25,000 cattle and sheep, and the royal war gear of the King of Megiddo.
More importantly, the victory at Megiddo enabled them to conquer other cities in the region, securing it once more for the Egyptian Empire.
How We Know About Megiddo
How has this single battle become our first clear image of the history of war?
The answer lies with Thutmose III’s personal scribe, Tjaneni. Accompanying his ruler on the campaign, Tjaneni kept a daily record of the war. Years later, Thutmose wanted to have his military exploits carved into the walls of the Temple to Amun-Re at Karnak. Tjaneni’s journal allowed the events of Megiddo to be inscribed in glorious detail, which has lasted to us down the years.
The Egyptian army, therefore, takes a vital place in the early history of warfare for two reasons. Firstly because they had the might to reach so far, including a successful leader and the latest military developments. And secondly, because they recorded their exploits in a form that would last –
 The Ancient Stones of Egypt.



Wednesday, April 18, 2018

Even more goings on at Casa De Garabaldi

A few things have happened here, remember the Post I did a couple of weeks ago...about the tree,
   Well today they finally came from the tree,
They started cutting the tree up...
Dragging the tree off...in sections...
Really big chipper...
The Root on chunks...
Gone....Finally...
I was messing around at work, I had bought some  1/4 extensions off the MAC truck, 

they are the extensions that have a locking ring to hold the sockets securely so they don't fall into places like engines and other areas and you have to go digging them out and that can mean more disassembly and that ain't a good thing...

    Well I was looking into one of my toolbox drawers....
 Yeah...Kinda messy....Well I organized some stuff and threw some stuff away..
Put the long extension in that drawers, split the display case between 2 other drawers,
One of the drawers....
It was a small thing, but to me it was a thing that needed to be done.
And finally I decided to finish my old AR, I found the original stock and pistol grip and installed it on my old AR, and finished something that I needed to do.
The original stock and Pistol grip
You can really see the height difference between the original and the new rifle as far as height.  It really feels different now.