I was surfing the internet and ran across this article about M1 helmet liners. After reading it, I decided to drag my Army helmets out and see where they fell on this list.
The article is compliments of History Online..'
The M1 helmet was a unique and practical solution, compared to its contemporaries.
separate lining system had many advantages. Being light weighted it
could be used without the steel shell for guard or ceremonial duties,
whilst the shell itself could also double up as a wash basin in the
liners were from the Hawley company. Distinctive in form and desirable
to collectors, the Hawley liner mimicked the shell in form, and was made
of compressed cardboard painted a light shade of khaki green in the
inner. It was covered by a similar coloured cloth stretched over its
outer surface and tucking under the rim into a bevel, a key
characteristic of all Hawley liners.
White rayon was initially used for the webbing, attached to the liner
by rectangular aluminium washers. An adjustable and removable rayon
sweatband was also clipped into position using poppers, and featured a
leather lined forehead section.
Later Hawley examples featured
light khaki herringbone twill webbing with ‘A’ washers. An improved
sweatband was now fully faced in lea and clipped onto the webbing.
to their fragility and susceptibility to damp and humid conditions the
Hawley liner was replaced in favour of what collectors termther Low
A composite showing different washers.
Low Pressure liners were made by the companies Hood and St Clair and
were constructed of rubber fibre. The outer surface was painted olive
drab and featured an air vent above the frontal rivet, a feature of all
subsequent wartime liners. The air vent was also used to attach officer
rank insignia. The interior was left unpainted. The material thickness
is also notable thinner than all other liner variations. The webbing was
as that used on later pattern Hawleys.
The dull finish of this liner is much different from the classic tortoiseshell look.
to their cardboard cousins, the Low Pressure liner was soon also found
to be inadequate for military use, with many later being refurbished as
By late mid-war the High Pressure liners had generally
replaced the older patterns and were manufactured by a host of
companies. Such liner bodies were hard and made up of a composite fibre
material, which could take some flexing but would split under increased
pressure. As with all M1 liners their shape was a clone of the steel
shell and fitted snugly into place. However it is not uncommon to see
scuff marks or scratches, especially on the exposed rivet heads.
This liner’s tortoiseshell patterned interior has a classic look about it and is much sought after.
outside surface of the HP liner was OD, reflecting the colour of the
shell, but in some rare cases liners have been found where they were
left unpainted. The inside of the body was left unpainted and has a
It is not uncommon to find liners sporting
regimental and or divisional crests and markings or even the outer
surface painted in another colour; such as white for medics, military
police (“Snow-drops”) or snow camo etc.
Chinstraps were made from brown leather and featured a green metal
adjusting clip, which later changed to black. After WWII the colour of
the liner’s webbing also changed
to a darker green shade.
A Vietnam War period linerThe Vietnam War era liner
was made from a thicker fibre that was more orange in appearance. It
lacked an air vent and separate chinstrap, while the webbing arrangement
was simplified. Instead of the helmet sitting low over the nape of the
neck it was worn more level on the head. The M1 was finally replaced
during the 1980s.
Using this guide, I looked at my "old" helmet..
I got the cover later on...I just had the "steel pot and liner sans cover." It looks like a variation of the "Vietnam War helmet.
In the U.S. military, the PASGT helmet was most commonly known by its
wearers as simply the "Kevlar". The nickname has since been adopted for
usage with other helmets. The PASGT helmet was also referred to by its
wearers in the U.S. military as the "K-pot", similar in name to the
colloquial nickname "steel pot" for the steel M1 helmet, which was in widespread U.S. military usage from the 1940s, to the 1970s, including the Vietnam War. The PASGT helmet was also, but less commonly, known by its wearers as the "Fritz" helmet for its resemblance to the Stahlhelm, which was the standard helmet used by the German military forces in the First and Second World Wars.
All GI's had something on their helmet kinda like a "lucky Talisman". I put this stripper clip guide on it when I first got in country and left it on....It is still there.